Both types of diabetes can cause vision problems, particularly if the person has had diabetes for years or their diabetes has been left untreated. Diabetes can cause a condition called diabetic retinopathy, which is where the retina is damaged by the expansion of blood vessels in the eye.
Diabetes can also cause increased pressure in the eye, or glaucoma, and can be a risk factor for developing cataracts.
If someone has diabetes, it’s recommended that they have a complete eye examination once a year to make sure any vision problems caused by diabetes are caught early.
High Blood Pressure
Untreated high blood pressure can cause damage to the delicate blood vessels in and around the eyes, which can lead to the development of diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, glaucoma, and a variety of other vision problems.
Optometrists and ophthalmologists will also be able to detect the signs of high blood pressure in the eye.
People with high blood pressure should seek an eye examination at least once a year.
If a person contracts Lyme disease, it can potentially result in conjunctivitis and inflammation of the optic nerve, retina blood vessels, or uveitis (middle of the eye). Someone that has Lyme disease should seek an eye exam at least once a year until they no longer have the disease. It’s recommended that people with ongoing Lyme infection symptoms following developing Lyme disease continue to have yearly eye exams.
Autoimmune conditions vary as to whether they affect the eye directly, but they can increase the risk of eye pain, light sensitivity, and vision loss. Early symptoms of autoimmune conditions affecting the eye include red, itchy, or dry eyes.
For people with autoimmune conditions, they should seek a yearly eye exam, and make sure to visit optometrists in Nassau County if they begin having issues with eye pain or vision changes.
Liver diseases like cirrhosis or haemochromatosis can lead to the development of dry, itchy eyes. It can also lead to the collection of fat on a person’s eyelids which can cause corneal and lens damage if it’s left untreated.
People with liver disease should visit an optometrist at least once a year for a full eye examination.
Sickle Cell Disease
People with sickle cell disease, or related diseases that cause their blood cells to be abnormally shaped, have an increased risk of damaged blood vessels in the eye that can lead to vision loss and blindness.
It’s recommended that these people book an eye examination at least once a year to monitor for any changes and treat them in a timely manner.